FTP stands for “File Transfer Protocol” and, as its name suggests, it’s a system used to send and receive files, either between different computers connected on a network, or between a computer and a server.
The FTP protocol is the one that the user will use to send to the server all the files and resources that will be available to visitors and that will make up the final and visible version of the user’s web page or blog for the public: images, videos, downloadable documents …
When you hire a website hosting company, they will usually provide you with a username, password and other access data that are essential in order to start sending the necessary files to the server so that your website will be fully operative.
How do you get access to an FTP?
There is a series of basic data that you will need in order to access and transfer files using the FTP protocol:
1.- The first thing you need to do is install an FTP client on your computer. Your hosting provider will usually recommend a specific one. However, there are many options (FTP Manager, Filezilla, FTPClient …).
2.- Your username and password, as we have already said, should be provided to you by your hosting provider. This is your way of accessing the server.
3.- The FTP address of the server with which you will share the files.
This is usually similar to the web page addresses that are typically entered in the browsers (an example could be “ftp.example.com”), although they can sometimes also be numeric IP addresses (67.123.456.78). This information should also be provided to you by your hosting provider.
Once you have entered all this information in your FTP client, you will be able to send all the files and resources that your website needs to the server. This is also very easily done, since it usually works like a file and folder system similar to what you can find in any operating system (for example, the Windows File Explorer or the Mac Finder).